ELA 20 – Unit 1 Review

The following terms should be mastered for the test:

  • Noun (pronoun, proper noun, common noun)
  • Verb
  • Coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS)
  • Adverb
  • Setting
  • Theme
  • Characterization (direct, indirect)
  • Character Types (dynamic, round, static, flat)
  • Point of view/narrative perspective
  • Metaphor
  • Simile
  • Personification
  • Diction
  • Foreshadowing
  • Symbol/symbolism
  • Types of conflict
  • Climactic Structure (exposition, inciting incident, rising action, climax, denouement, resolution)

The long answer question at the end of the test will be a mini-essay of three paragraphs, wherein you will write a literary analysis of one story. Your paragraphs should include the following information:

  • Paragraph 1: provide the name of the author, the name of the story, identify the narrative perspective, what type(s) of conflict exist in the story, and other notable features/literary devices that enhance the work.
  • Paragraph 2: Explain/summarize the story with regards to its climactic structure, identifying each component as you move through the plot.
  • Paragraph 3: the theme(s) of the story, and what message you believe the author intended to relay to readers through their work.

You should have a basic understanding of the following stories:

  1. “They’re Made Out of Meat” – Terry Bisson
  2. “Popular Mechanics” – Raymond Carver
  3. “Shaving” – Leslie Norris
  4. “Penny in the Dust” – Ernest Buckler
  5. “Hills Like White Elephants” – Ernest Hemingway
  6. “The Cop and the Anthem” – O. Henry

Good luck, my blueberries.

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